The 1,318km Beijing-Shanghai high-speed line connects the cities of Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin, travelling across the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Jiangsu. The line connects two of the country’s most prominent economic areas and forms the busiest railway route.
It was opened in June 2011, only 38 months after construction began.
This high-speed route runs parallel to the 1,464km Beijing-Shanghai main railway line, which is one of the most important in China. It is solely dedicated to passenger train operations.
It has been built to improve journey times and ease pressure on existing railway corridors between the two cities.
Beijing-Shanghai railway project details
The Chinese Ministry of Railways’ initial design work for the high-speed line was completed in June 1998.
Feasibility studies for the new route were finally approved in March 2006, which was welcome news as the current line is the busiest in China and increasingly becoming a bottleneck. More than a quarter of the country’s population lives close to the line, accounting for 10.2% of passenger transport and 7.2% of freight.
The high-speed line reduces journey times between Beijing and Shanghai from 14 hours to just five. An estimated 220,000 passengers use the trains each day.